The Council of Canadians - Winnipeg Chapter


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Energy East Problem: Sulphur and Hydrogen Sulphide

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on June 23, 2015 at 6:45 AM Comments comments (0)


Tar sands bitumen contains huge amounts of sulphur. The sulphur must be removed before the bitumen can eventually become refined oil, but there is a glut on the world market and nowhere to send it. Already the mounds of raw sulphur extracted from tar sands bitumen are larger than the pyramids of Egypt and there’s more of it produced every day.


One “solution” is to convert the sulphur to hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and inject it underground into old oil wells, a process referred to as acid gas disposal. Hydrogen sulphide is extremely toxic. One breath over 1000 ppm can kill instantly while lower concentrations can cause permanent health damage. Oil wells will weaken over time and allow the stored H2S to leak, with deadly effect. Zama Lake, Alberta is a disposal site with sulphur accumulations much smaller than the tar sands; a study found that if a leak occurred there, an area 600 kms in radius could be unlivable for over 1,000 years because of poisoned air and water. That’s equivalent to an area of land around Winnipeg reaching from Regina in the west, all the way east to Lake Nipigon, north to The Pas and south to Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

As the mountains of sulphur grow larger, another “solution” to the problem is to leave sulphur in the bitumen when it is mixed with the diluent for transport to refineries, so that sulphur disposal becomes someone else’s problem. Many scientists consider this poses an additional danger, because the relatively large amount of sulphur in the dilbit can form hydrogen sulphide inside the pipeline. Thermal decomposition (a chemical decomposition caused by heat) and microbes in the pipeline act on sulphur to form H2S. This increases the concentration of H2S as the dilbit moves down the line.There’s no data in the Energy East submission to indicate the maximum temperature of dilbit in the line, however the five natural gas lines parallel to the dilbit line have been reported to reach 50 C in the summer. The dilbit line would be even hotter due to the higher viscosity.

In some cases, H2S is present at point of entry in the tar sands . In Cold Lake, for instance, the hydrogen sulphide content of dilbit is reported to be 300 ppm. (Interestingly, Enbridge, in the United States, has put worker safety policies in place that ban a higher than 5 ppm H2S content in the oil transported through their pipelines.)

Sulphur and hydrogen sulphide are right there in the pipelines and trains carrying dilbit across farmers’ fields, aquifers, rivers and through our communities. Where there’s a pipeline leak, there will be hydrogen sulphide released; and where there is hydrogen sulphide there is significant risk to life and health for people, animals, air and water.

There are many economic and environmental reasons to say NO to the pipeline. Sources and more information can be found in the recently released report, “Potential Impacts of the Energy East Pipeline On Winnipeg.”



Contributor: Mary Robinson - Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter Chair

What is Dilbit?

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on June 18, 2015 at 8:10 PM Comments comments (0)


The Energy East Pipeline will carry diluted bitumen (also called dilbit) and other crude oil products.

Bitumen is steamed or strip mined from the sandy tar sands soil in Alberta, and is too thick and sticky to flow through a pipeline. A toxic, volatile diluent must be added so that the bitumen can be shipped.

The bitumen contains sand, silt, heavy metals and other contaminants as well as sulphur. The sulphur portion of the bitumen is about five percent by weight, and can contribute to creating hydrogen sulphide in the pipeline.

Some of the contaminants, and all the sulphur, remain after processing with diluent to form dilbit.

The diluent constitutes up to 30% of the dilbit and comes from a variety of sources, with the most common being natural gas condensate. Pentane is a main constituent of the diluent (about 9%) but the exact composition depends on the sources used and it varies from batch to batch.

Christina dilbit blend is very common and includes several volatile, toxic, environmentally persistent components (POPs) such as benzene, a known carcinogen. POPs (or Persistent Organic Pollutants) resist normal breakdown and accumulate in organisms, with potential significant impacts on human health and the environment.

The proposed Energy East pipeline will repurpose an existing natural gas pipeline that was not designed to carry dilbit. Dilbit contains abrasive sediment that will erode the pipe. Dilbit also contains chloride salts and toxic hydrogen sulphide that are both highly corrosive. The pipeline itself is known to already have many small, continuous leaks. When it is carrying dilbit, those leaks could expose the public to deadly hydrogen sulphide.

The natural gas pipeline is not designed to accommodate the pressure surges associated with liquid (dilbit) service. The pressure surges could easily rupture the pipe.

There are many economic and environmental reasons to say NO to the pipeline. Sources and more information can be found in the recently released report, “Potential Impacts of the Energy East Pipeline On Winnipeg.”

Contributor: Mary Robinson - Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter Chair


Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on May 29, 2015 at 12:50 AM Comments comments (0)

There are many economic and environmental reasons to say NO to the pipeline. Here we’ll look briefly at several issues; sources and more information can be found in the recently released report, “Potential Impacts of the Energy East Pipeline On Winnipeg.”

The report covers concerns about the effect of a leak near rivers, drainage ditches, aquifers, and lakes; and the risk to Winnipeg’s aqueduct carrying drinking water from Shoal Lake to Winnipeg. A section on pipeline failure looks at the realities of converting a leaking 40 year old natural gas pipeline to carry the far more corrosive and toxic diluted bitumen. The differences between a natural gas line failure and the far more extreme consequences of a dilbit line failure are examined, including a look at the dangers of deadly hydrogen sulphide. The report also addresses the need for safety and emergency measures in the event of explosion and fire, and the longer term effects of a spill on residents, recreation and commercial interests.

We've opened our blog series with a quick overview of points to be considered. Articles focusing on specific issues will be added over the next two weeks. 


Potential Impacts and Problems of the Energy East Pipeline in Manitoba




  • TransCanada has an extensive history of pipeline failure. More failures will occur.

  • The prairie section of the pipeline is 40 years old. The coating is made of asphalt and it has deteriorated so much that it can’t protect against cracking.

  • TransCanada relies on a standard inspection system ( “smart pigs” ) that is unreliable and often does not detect leaks. Most leaks have eventually been noticed by people, not by the inspection system.

  • The Calgary based system for monitoring pressure in the pipeline is ineffective. It can only detect spills over 2.6 million litres per day, and relies on people to properly interpret the pressure signals.




  • Hydrogen Sulphide (a deadly toxic and corrosive gas) will form in the pipeline from the sulphur contained in bitumen. Microbes in the pipeline act on sulphur to turn it into H2S, and high temperatures in the pipeline can transform sulphur into H2S.

  • The pipeline is known to have continuous small leaks that could expose the public to deadly hydrogen sulphide gas and other toxins.

  • Natural gas lines that explode are near enough to the parallel dilbit line to cause a fire and explosion. A dilbit explosion is much bigger, longer lasting, and more dangerous than a natural gas explosion. A dilbit explosion could be lethal due to deadly toxic smoke and fumes.

  • Pressure surges could rupture the line. They could also cause toxic fumes to vent through surge protection valves or surge tanks.

  • The rate of benzene leaking undetected out of a 3mm hole in the pipeline dissolved by the average precipitation rate over the Hazel Creek watershed gives a benzene concentration 346 times the allowed limit.



  • Because the pipeline crosses waterways and aquifers in Manitoba, there is a significant risk to drinking water in many communities, including Kenton, Rivers, Sioux Valley, Brandon, Neepawa, Portage and Sanford.

  • Extensive drainage ditches around Winnipeg often empty into waterways, and could extend the reach of a spill.

  • The pipeline crosses two major surface aquifers. The Assiniboine Delta aquifer supplies water for agriculture, town wells and Manitoba’s potato industry.The Sandilands Aquifer is an “ecological gem” that is home to the headwaters of five watersheds.

  • The pipeline travels within a spill reach of the Winnipeg aqueduct for the entire length of the aqueduct. The aqueduct is porous and could be contaminated from nearby pipeline spills.

  • Unseen soluble toxins like benzene from small continuous undetected spills could enter the aqueduct from contaminated surface water.

  • A spill could contaminate city waterways including the Red, Seine and La Salle Rivers. (The Kalamazoo River is still closed in many sections, four years after the spill.)

  • Recreational activities in river walkways and parks will be compromised due to tar balls and other lingering sources of contamination.

  • Valuable fish habitat could be destroyed from a spill.

  • Water contamination will cause temporary or long term loss of the sport fishery.

  • A spill will contaminate sources of irrigation for agriculture, manufacturing and recreation (golf courses for instance).




  • Evacuation because of toxic fumes, explosion, and fire is not addressed in the TransCanada submission. (In Kalamazoo, residents within one mile of the river evacuated their homes. 150 homes were permanently relocated.)

  • The expense and impossibility of cleaning up dilbit spills is clearly demonstrated by the ongoing unsuccessful efforts in Kalamazoo.

  • Toxic dilbit spills cause long term ecological damage and contamination of the food chain

  • Contaminated river bank property will suffer devaluation.

  • There will be a loss of commercial activity on the river such as boat tours and water taxis.

  • Continued expansion of tar sands and use of bitumen means more climate change, ecocide, sulphur waste and petroleum coke waste. (These vital issues are not currently considered in the decision making process.)





Winnipeg: Energy East: Our Risk Their Reward Tour

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on April 12, 2015 at 11:15 PM Comments comments (0)

Council of Canadians - Winnipeg Chapter were among the hundreds gathered at the recent Energy East: Our Risk Their Reward Prairie Speaking Tour on April 11 at the Fort Garry Hotel. Opening with an Energy East 101 for audience members who were new to the issue, panelists presented on several unique areas of opposition to the pipeline. The many questions asked during the Q&A and conversations at informal info sessions afterwards indicated a strong commitment amongst Winnipeggers to put a stop to this pipeline development.

Ben Gotschall of Bold Nebraska shared his experiences and the extraordinary grassroots mobilization that grew in the fight against Keystone XL. “I moved from NIMBY to NOPE, not on planet Earth,” he said, in a reference to the way Nebraskans quickly realized that it wasn’t enough to keep the pipeline out of Nebraska. Bold Nebraska gained momentum and volunteers as they fought to stop the pipeline altogether.

Chief of Iskatewizaagegan (Shoal Lake 39) First Nation Fawn Wapioke spoke from the heart about the indigenous relationship with water and land, describing rivers as the veins of Mother Earth. Chief Wapioke invited the audience to participate in and support the Eagle Lake to Shoal Lake Treaty 3 Anishinaabe Water Walk planned for August 3-7. The walkers will follow the pipeline route and can be contacted at [email protected]

National chair of the Council of Canadians Maude Barlow wrapped up the evening, addressing the shortage of water around the world, the way we are drying up the land when we remove vegetation, California’s reality of finally running out of water, and the frightening disappearance of China’s rivers. (Since 1990, half of the rivers have disappeared. Not polluted, she said. Gone.) Somehow Maude still managed to offer a sense of hope and solidarity, finishing to a standing ovation from an appreciative audience.

Both the Winnipeg Chapter and the Manitoba Energy Justice Coalition (the Council of Canadians-Winnipeg Chapter is a member of the coalition) were present with fact sheets, locally specific information and opportunities for more engagement. Many of the audience members signed an online petition to the energy minister Chomiak, asking the minister to refuse permits for the Energy East Pipeline; and also put their names to the Wilderness Committee/MEJC postcards carrying a similar message. The Act On Climate photo booth was busy, with volunteers adding dozens of new messages to the Premiers’ Conference in Quebec, where Canada’s climate change policy is under discussion.

With such an enthusiastic show of support from Winnipeggers, the MEJC is continuing its plans for more public events, political action and engagement of Manitobans outside Winnipeg. There is an orientation session for new volunteers on April 26, 1PM at the St Norbert Community Centre. All are welcome!

For more info, or to register to attend, please contact us at [email protected] or the MEJC at [email protected]

Watch here for an upcoming series of blogs interpreting several of the many issues with the Energy East proposal that must be addressed; and the soon to be released peer reviewed report examining potential impacts of the Energy East pipeline on Manitoba.

Contributor: Mary Robinson - Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter Chair

Recipe for a Happy World Water Day

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on March 19, 2015 at 11:30 PM Comments comments (0)

Mitigation, Adaptation and Water Thinking

About Carrie Saxifrage’s new book The Big Swim, Maude Barlow wrote, “Trying to understand what we are doing to the planet based solely upon facts and statistics fails to engage the heart, where all true commitment forms. Carrie Saxifrage knows that real change comes from the head and the heart working together and gently pulls us along on her journey to a deeper place of understanding."

Carrie will read from The Big Swim on April 4, 7 pm at McNally Robinson Bookstore. Her schedule for readings in other cities is at

First, let’s celebrate water. Nothing is more satisfying than a drink when you are dehydrated, how water spreads across the tongue and to the sides of the mouth, the way in which the sensation of wetness gives way to a satisfaction that in that thirsty moment is better than anything else you could imagine. Our bodies recognize water for what it is: a necessity, a birth right. Humans aren’t alone in this. Ecosystems lie at the heart of the world’s water systems, full of diverse and intricate lives. Water is everyone’s birthright, everyone’s life force, on this uniquely watery planet.

Some experts note, “Climate mitigation is about carbon and climate adaptation is about water.” We must mitigate carbon, which means substantially reducing fossil fuels, and fast. But the reality is that we will have a lot of adapting to do – managing water - no matter how strongly we mitigate.

In Canada, we are relatively lucky when it comes to water because there are enormous threats to this birthright worldwide: drought, the depletion of ancient aquifers, inequitable water distribution, the attempts of corporations to control access, pollution, and immense water withdrawals for industry, including agriculture. Many people already live with water scarcity: 1.6 billion, according to the World Bank. The number is expected to rise to 2.8 billion by 2025.

But despite being the second most water rich nation in the world, some people in Canada lack safe drinking water. The Shoal Lake 40 First Nation has lived with a boil water advisory for 17 years, the result of infrastructure to supply clean water to the City of Winnipeg. Such advisories are in effect for over 1,200 Canadian communities.

As climate change intensifies threats to water supplies, societies and ecosystems get destabilized. A recent study links Syria’s civil war, which spawned the Islamic State, to a four year drought. Civil unrest is erupting over water shortages in major cities in Brazil, such as Sao Paulo. Even Kenya, a relatively stable African government, is stretched by drought and could fail. People are only a part of the suffering. Many lineages from the magnificent and intricate diversity of life on Earth will go extinct. The 2014 report by the International Panel on Climate Change notes that major extinction events occurred in the past during slower rates of climate change then presently underway and additional stressors, such as habitat fragmentation, are now at play.

A necessary psychological change is underway as people come to grips with reality: climate change is irrefutable, caused by fossil fuels and we must stop using them to prevent suffering on an even more massive scale. Most experts see an effective price on carbon as the way to spur enough renewable energy development to save us, and this should be our top political priority. Consider this: all the technology we need for a stable future exists. It’s already being implemented and will be built at the pace we need as soon as we have an effective price on carbon. We must implement this tool on a global scale to mitigate carbon.

Adaptation and water, on the other hand, play out on the local level. Water management is in every community’s future. Fortunately, water can inspire us. We can find places where our engagement builds connections and feels meaningful. Part of adaptation is cultivating our relationship with water so that we will protect it, and protect ourselves from it, near our homes.

Lakes are an appealing place to do this. Many of us have a lake we love, and many of those lakes now host recurring algal blooms, the result of nutrient loading and changing weather. We can work to keep our lakes drinkable and swimmable. It feels good to take steps, even small steps, to protect water, especially bodies of water that we love. Annabel Slaight helped found Ladies of the Lake and the Ontario Water Center to look after Lake Simcoe. She put it this way: “If you don’t love something, and have the opportunities to love it, you won’t look after it and won’t demand that it be looked after.”

Canadian lakes were a revelation to me when I first moved here two decades ago: the clear greenish water shafted with light, the bubbles trailing from my fingertips and the water’s gentle hold. Two lakes on Cortes Island, BC are in the center of the community and I use them to get places. Friends tell stories about me stripping down to swim home from parties and meetings. After every swim, I’ve emerged cooler, more collected and happier person, grateful to my watery friend and therapist. Last spring the lakes at the center of our community on Cortes Island, BC had their first algae bloom. The water turned brown and smelly. The fish died. No one knew if it was safe to swim.

Nearly every province has many lakes that have had recent algal blooms. To name a very few: in BC, Elk Lake near Victoria and St. Mary’s Lake on Salt Spring Island; in New Brunswick, Irishtown Reservoir and Lake Utopia; in Manitoba, Lake Winnipeg and Dauphin Lake; in Nova Scotia, Lake Torment and Lake Ainslie; in Alberta, Lac Ste. Anne and Pigeon Lake; in Saskatchewan, Lac la Loche and Boundary Reservoir; in Ontario, Lake Ontario and Three Mile Lake.

No list is complete without poor Lake Erie, once the poster lake for successful clean up. The trend goes beyond Canada: A recent study in Europe and North America found a 60% increase in algal blooms in low elevation lakes over the last two hundred years.

According to David Trew of North Saskatchewan Watershed Society, each lake is unique in its particular combination of characteristics. Some, like the lakes in the Alberta and Saskatchewan prairies, have naturally high internal nutrient loads from the fertile soil surrounding them. Alpine lakes, and the ones on the Canadian Shield, do not. It’s natural for lakes to “age” – to gradually become eutrophic, with less oxygen and more plants, until they become meadows. The primary driver of premature eutrophication is nutrient flows, especially phosphorus, with nitrogen also playing a role. These nutrients come from farms, lawns, storm water, septic systems, golf courses, logging and development along the shoreline.

Each lake has its own unique community of algae and bacteria. This helps explain why a lake near Victoria BC bloomed in December, a New Brunswick lake bloomed in September, my Cortes Lake bloomed in May and many if not most lakes bloom in July.

The shape and depth of the lake, matters. Shallow lakes warm quickly and wind can easily suspend the nutrients at the bottom. Some lakes have strong in and outflows, so excess nutrients get flushed through. Others move slowly or not at all.

Climate change increases nutrient flows with floods and intense rainfall. Longer periods of no ice and warm waters favor algal blooms. So do wetter springs and longer, drier summers. Warmer temperatures make the algae more efficient at grabbing nitrogen out of the atmosphere. According to Alyre Chiasson, of University of Moncton, such conditions can put vulnerable lakes over the edge.

The lake conditions created by climate change favor cyanobacteria, or blue green algae. For the record, cyanobacteria spent billions of years as the only life form on Earth, making the oxygen that made us and other complex life forms possible. But in this story, they’re the villain. Some of them, some of the time, create toxins that damage the liver and nervous system, cause skin irritation, gastroenteritis and/or respiratory distress. Chronic, low dose exposures can cause liver tumors and endocrine disruption. Puppies mucking at lake edges are especially vulnerable.

With the right conditions, cyanobacteria reproduce explosively and create toxins. When this happened in Lake Erie in 2014, Toledo, Ohio’s water system for 500,000 residents was shut down. The toxins can only be removed by charcoal filtration and chlorination. Boiling can force the bacteria to release more toxins. Out of caution, municipalities close water bodies to drinking and recreation when any kind of cyanobacteria is present.

It’s hard to remedy algae blooms once they really take hold. According to Vicky Burns of the Save Lake Winnipeg project, phosphorus gets trapped in sediment where it remains until the lake conditions are suitable for a bloom. Lakes with strong flows through them have a better chance of recovery. But there are no big success stories out there. Annabel Slaight told me, “I used to think you could fix a lake. I don’t think so anymore. All you can do is create the conditions in which a lake can heal itself.

In some places (Australia, Western Europe), a substance called Phoslock has been used to permanently bind phosphorus in lakes. It has been tried in Lake Simcoe, ON and Irishtown Resevoir, NB. In Canada, there’s reluctance to treat the symptom and not the cause.

The increasingly widespread nature of algae blooms makes it a national matter. According to Vicky Burns of Lake Winnipeg, voluntary action is important but not enough. We need regulations and legislation that set standards for the amount of phosphorus and nitrogen in sewage effluent, agricultural run-off, industrial run-off and other sources. “We have a very long way to go before we achieve that,” she wrote. “One example is that that federal government is rolling out new sewage treatment regulations and there is no reference in them to phosphorus.” According to David Trew of North Lake Saskatchewan, nutrient sources to lakes arising from land management and septic systems have fallen through the legislative cracks.

The citizen stewards and scientists I spoke with all gave the same solution for individual lakes: stop loading the lake with phosphates. They recommend a team approach: scientists, local and provincial governments and citizens. According to David Trew, the task in its simplest terms is to: 1) understand the quantity and source of nutrient loads; 2) create a “phosphorus budget”; and 3) create and implement a watershed management plan to meet that budget.

The 2014 Sturgeon Lake Management Plan on the Kawartha Conservation web site provides a model in terms of process and content. The plan was funded by the local municipality. The first three years of its development were dedicated to science-based assessments of the lake and its watershed and capturing the key values of stakeholders. The plan was crafted in the fourth year, with input from both a science and a community panel. It links specific measures to its phosphorus targets, such as conducting 10 to 20 agricultural improvement projects each year (things like streamside vegetation buffers and improving manure storage and fertilizer application) to achieve a phosphorus loading target of 2,000 kg/year. It also focusses on the municipal Official Plan to strengthen land use planning through measures such as development setbacks and by-laws to enhance shore line vegetation and retain lake side forests.

For those who don’t love management plan meetings, here’s the best thing about lake stewardship: it requires lots of data, and collecting data means canoeing around in all kinds of weather with old and new friends, with plastic bottles and a secchi disc (picture a heavy record album divided in quarters that are painted black and white so when you drop it over the side of the canoe you can still see it for awhile). That’s my favorite kind of contribution, the one that takes me out there to the place I love, where I get to see which ducks are on the lake that week and maybe a muskrat or a beaver. The provinces have lake experts who can advise citizen samplers and there are province-wide lake stewardship groups to provide guidance as well.

Lake stewardship is a community builder, because communities rally for their beloved lakes. Last summer on Cortes Island, we held a fund raiser to help pay for testing the lake, the “First Ever Nine Lake Swim.” Four of us swam every lake on the island, about six miles altogether. We were greeted by the community at the end of it and had a feast at the restaurant up the hill. Children put on the puppet show they had worked on all day in which the spirit of the lakes arose from beneath a blue table cloth to rap to us about phosphates, and lake creatures pled for us to be more careful. We raised $13,000 for lake sampling and solutions. The Ontario Water Centre is a large scale model for a potent combination of fun, science, planning and action.

I’m one of those who avoid meetings, but I’ll be a part of the watershed planning ones for my lakes. Researching this article has brought me around: lakes are very specific beings with very specific needs and creating the conditions for ours to heal will require both evidence and planning. It’s also a good exercise to establish strong community-government working groups in preparation for the more difficult adaptation issues that may arise in the future. Annabel Sleight of Lake Simcoe assures me that even meetings can build comradery.

The Ontario Water Centre Website mentions “water thinking,” so I asked Annabel about this. She described water thinking as remembering water as you live, appreciating it, and learning to act like it, to flow through the cracks when there’s an obstacle. The Chippewas of Georgina Island have influenced her. “They see a different relationship to nature,” she told me. “It’s less like a responsibility to be stewards, as if that is some kind of obligation of life, and more like being in in tune with nature and part of the natural system. That way you draw strength from it. I draw strength from water all the time.

Contributor: Carrie Saxifrage, Author of The Big Swim

The Winnipeg Water Crisis? Not What You Expected

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on March 12, 2015 at 7:05 PM Comments comments (0)

I find myself thinking a lot about water these days. From boil advisories and chlorinated water to Idle No More’s “Water Wednesdays” and the UN’s “Right to Water.” How many people in our country go without clean drinking water or plumbing everyday? Approximately one-sixth of First Nations reserves water is not safe to drink according to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. In fact, even the residents of Shoal Lake #40 have not had access to their own water for over 18 years without compensation so Winnipeggers can have clean water. But yesterday I found myself looking at yet another important concern, especially for Manitobans – hydroelectricity and the actions of Manitoba Hydro.

I find myself considering the fact that as a Winnipegger what do I really know about where my electricity and water from my tap come from. Even me, a university student who has dedicated the last 12 years of my life to studying environmental issues and geography, find myself in the dark when it comes to Manitoba Hydro Dam development and the issues surrounding our drinking water and Shoal Lake. I was shocked to find such devastation in terms of human rights violations, especially since we have been deemed the authority on human rights with the new museum. How can we be so trusting of an entity whose sole purpose is money and revenue for its stakeholders? If this is such a public utility and company why do I feel we are kept in the dark? Where is water governance at in Manitoba? Who really is protecting, or at the very least monitoring, Lake Winnipeg and the regulation of it by Manitoba Hydro?

I was recently asked to represent the Winnipeg Chapter of Council of Canadians at meetings being held by the Consumer Association of Canada (CAC) and the Public Interest Law Centre (PILC) in regards to Lake Winnipeg Regulation by Manitoba Hydro. I represented the chapter as a stakeholder with interests in the outcome of the Clean Environment Commission of Manitoba’s (CEC) review of Manitoba Hydro’s license. These two organizations are collecting information from ALL who are impacted by Manitoba Hydro and Lake Winnipeg. Which is pretty much ALL of us Manitobans.

Gloria Desorcy, Consumer Association of Canada (CAC) - Pam Godin, Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter - Joelle Pastora Sala, Public Interest Law Centre (PILC)

Did you know that Manitoba Hydro is applying for a license to regulate Lake Winnipeg? In fact they have been regulating the Lake since 1977 under an interim license under the Manitoba Water Power Act due to the fact they had established hydroelectric dams in Manitoba prior to the Environment Act of 1987 and have now been grandfathered from any environmental assessment obligations. If approved their next step is to renew their license in 2026. But what about doing what is right? How about “reconciling” with those who have been devastated by hydro development? Over 40 Indigenous communities are directly impacted by Lake Winnipeg Regulation not to mention the countless cottage owners around the Lake. What about the Northern Flood Agreement signed in 1977 by five affected First Nations, Manitoba Hydro and both governments? What about the ensuing ecological devastation of species and wetlands?

But what about us in Winnipeg? Where are our moral obligations when it comes to using electricity? Why do we think it is so “clean” and “green”? In fact, there are many concerns world wide regarding the environmental impacts on hydro dams, including their impact on climate change. Examples include damage to fisheries, mercury poisoning, forced relocation of First Nations, and habitat destruction to name a few. The World Commission on Dams Report in 2000 clearly states “…in the assessment process social and environmental aspects have the same significance as economic and financial factors.“

I strongly encourage all of us Winnipeggers, who sometimes blindly leave the lights on, without considering where that energy comes from, to start to think about our greatest resource as Manitobans – OUR WATER. We need to see our water as a precious resource and take pride in our province and our many lakes. They are not only a non-renewable resource but also a precious gift that we take for granted EVERYDAY. I highly recommend that we take a good look at Manitoba Hydro and make sure that we hold them accountable for being governors of the lake, whether we want them to be or not, they are here to stay for awhile. We ARE the stewards of the Lake, whether we like it or not, and we have a responsibility to ourselves and to our future generations to protect it. For in fact where would we be without it?

Contributor: Pam Godin - Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter

The Big Swim: a book to start climate conversations

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on March 9, 2015 at 7:55 PM Comments comments (0)

Author and Vancouver Observer reporter Carrie Saxifrage will share stories from her new book, The Big Swim, in Winnipeg on April 4 at 7 pm at McNally Robinson Bookstore.

A lot of people feel a growing unease, one that arises from the disconnection between our daily lives and the irrefutable evidence that it’s time to act on climate change. The Big Swim reconnects personal life with climate change through stories that are funny and touching. Saxifrage set out to write a book that people who aren’t interested in the issue would enjoy. As a result, some of her stories have less to do with climate change and more to do with life: the death of a parent, adventures in nature and a building project gone awry. Other stories face the predicament head on: how climate change affects identity, the benefits and losses of decarbonizing one’s life and perspectives that support resilience in the face of difficult knowledge. Every story invites awareness of our place in the magnificent and intricate biological world.

Psychology research gives numerous reasons why people are “wired” to ignore climate change. One reason is that climate change comes to us in facts and figures that don’t engage our emotional minds, the parts of our brains where we form the decision to act. Research also provides the solution: tell stories! They engage the emotional mind. The Big Swim is a story about integrating the facts of climate change with the quest for meaning and joy. This accessible book can be used to start the conversations we need to have, about how working toward climate stability brings meaning, shared purpose and a happier future.

"Serious adventure on a serious planet. This is the kind of thinking and living we need to engage in."

Bill McKibben

author of Oil and Honey, Eaarth, The End of Nature and other books.

"In a flash of inspiration, Carrie Saxifrage has invented the climate change memoir. Beautifully crafted, often touching and unexpectedly funny, here is your handbook to living deeply in perilous times."

J.B. MacKinnon

author of The 100-Mile Diet and The Once and Future World

“Wow. This moving book invites us to reconnect with own wildness, to submerge ourselves in creation and come out doused with the sweet nectar of being alive. Carrie Saxifrage speaks a beautiful language – precise, transformative, unafraid. Read this book. It will give you hope.”

Shaena Lambert

author of Oh, My Darling and Radiance

Find more praise for The Big Swim at

The Path of Glory

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on January 28, 2015 at 9:40 PM Comments comments (0)


Make Canada safe for people in danger of persecution for opposing unjust wars and war crimes.

Like Julian Assange and Edward Snowden, Joshua Key could spend the rest of his natural life in a U.S. prison if he sets foot on U.S. soil. In recent weeks, the Conservative government has imposed negative decisions or removal orders on nearly all U.S. war veterans seeking refugee status.

The Conservatives are in contempt of Canada’s ratified obligations under international law.

  1. Joshua would face extreme consequences if he is deported to the U.S. The government is ignoring requests to stay based on spousal sponsorship and for humanitarian reasons.

  2. The federal government is acting like it is a crime to publish and translate a book into twelve languages and carry out about one thousand media interviews globally that expose U.S. war crimes in Iraq.

  3. The Conservative government is deporting U.S. war resisters precisely because it alleges they are guilty of desertion.
    However, desertion or insubordination are perfectly legal and recommended if a soldier is ordered to carry out war crimes. This is a fundamental principle of international law since the conviction of Nazi war criminals after World War Two, affirmed in treaties ratified by Canada.

  4. The Conservative government has made it impossible to argue this important point of law by means of Operational Bulletin 202, Instruction to Immigration Officers in Canada on processing cases involving military deserters.
    The alleged reason for deporting Joshua Key (desertion) is baseless and without merit. Canada needs to comply with its international legal obligations.

  5. Joshua’s deportation would devastate his Canadian family – his wife Alexina and three children, with another on the way.

  6. Opinion polls show that Canadians support refugee status for foreign soldiers who face persecution for opposing illegal wars or war crimes.
    The large majority of voters – more than 60% - support political parties with this position.

 At no time has the U.S. government requested the extradition of Joshua Key.

  8. The experience of previous resisters deported from Canada and the opinion of many legal authorities show that Joshua would not receive a fair court martial.

  9. Joshua has a legal opinion from the U.S. that he will definitely face serious charges if he steps foot on U.S. soil. One is related to writing a book with Lawrence Hill, The Deserter’s Tale. Technically, the charge for writing (espionage) and the charge of desertion include the death penalty, but the opinion is that he could get 35 years in a military prison.
    When the U.S. extradites a person from Canada to face similar charges, the federal government requires a guarantee there will be no death penalty, in support of Canadian values and capital punishment laws.
    We need to ask: Why is Canada deporting war resisters to face serious charges in the U.S. with no regard to obtain a guarantee that U.S. authorities will not pursue the death penalty?

  10. Because of Joshua’s book and media interviews from dozens of countries, abundant evidence exists to show that Joshua will be dealt with most harshly of all resisters deported to date from Canada, by far. The evidence includes legal opinions, U.S. military law, and statements by leading U.S. military justice officials.

  11. Friends and family of Joshua Key will continue to press for the federal government against deporting Joshua.

Urgent appeal for support and funds

How will Winnipeg or Canada respond? Joshua Key and a handful of other war resisters are unknown to most Canadians, but in the next few days or weeks the world will be watching Winnipeg.

Will Joshua and fellow resisters be deported to a U.S. prison or can we force the government to back down and comply with international law?

In 2003, hundreds of thousands of Canadians protested to keep Canada out of the illegal U.S. war against Iraq.

We need a massive wave of support to make our country safe for soldiers who face persecution for resisting war crimes and unjust wars.

Heavy campaign and legal costs are anticipated. We need your support urgently.

Send your cheques to:
Keep Resisters in Canada
269 Kitson St., Winnipeg MB R2H 0Z6
Payable to: “KRIC Campaign”.   

Thank you!

Deposit in-person in Winnipeg at:
Assiniboine Credit Union Account no. 110010205802

Info: (204) 792-3371- [email protected] KRIC is Winnipeg-based campaign. If you can help out elsewhere, we’ll be glad to connect you with other campaigns!

Other ways to help

  1. Send us your email address for activities and appeals: [email protected]

  2. Like and share the facebook page The Key family: Welcome in Canada

  3. Inform your area Conservative MPs that this is an important issue to you.

  4. Write to the media & mobilize the community.

  5. Write to the Conservative government:
        Hon. Chris Alexander, Minister of Citizenship & Immigration
        House of Commons,

        Ottawa, Ontario Canada K1A 0A6
        [email protected]

Support refugee status for Joshua Key and other resisters
and Joshua’s spousal sponsorship

Oppose a devastating break-up of Joshua’s family

Support Joshua’s application for a work permit

Joshua Key & family • Pro-family • Anti-war crime

Support Canadian Sanctuary for War resister Joshua Key

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on January 19, 2015 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (0)


It was in 2004 that Joshua Key and his then American born wife and family arrived in Toronto after Joshua refused to return to combat duty in Iraq. In doing so Joshua joined a growing number of U.S war resisters who had come to Canada seeking refugee status because of their belief that the U.S. war in Iraq was unjust.

Not long after he arrived, Joshua and journalist Lawrence Hill, award winning author of The Book of Negroes, wrote the book The Deserter's Tale. In it he chronicled his experiences that led him to undertake the difficult decision to desert rather than fight in an illegal and immoral war.

Since then, Canadians have mobilized to ensure that US soldiers who refused to participate in the war in Iraq be allowed to stay in Canada. Despite two resolutions passed by the House of Commons in support of war resisters’ right to stay, numerous court rulings in their favour and the fact that almost two-thirds of Canadians support giving sanctuary to war resisters, successive Conservative governments under Steven Harper have not listened to the House of Commons, the courts or public opinion.

A Government which trumpets belief in Canadian democracy, values and human rights has been relentless in its persecution of these conscientious objectors. As a result many have faced deportations and harsh prison sentences handed down in U.S. military courts.

This fight is not over. It has entered a most difficult period as the Harper Government seeks to finish off the remaining war resisters in a new wave of deportations. It hopes that Canadians have resigned themselves to the fact that nothing can be done and lost interest in the plight of the principled individuals who said no to war.

But Canadians have not forgotten. In recent months and weeks new support has been forthcoming. The University of Winnipeg Students’ Association and the Winnipeg Labour Council have endorsed resolutions in support of Joshua Key and the right of war resisters to stay in Canada.

We have issued this appeal for Joshua because he is part of the community we live in. That is why an ad hoc committee of Winnipeg residents have come together to lend our support and efforts to the campaign. Joshua is our neighbour and our friend. He took a principled stand to walk away from war at great personal cost and risk to himself. For that reason we ask the community to rally around Joshua in his struggle for refugee status.

Take a moment to read further and to see what you can do. As events are organized we ask that you support them by coming out. Perhaps you are willing to organize an event in your community, school, workplace or place of worship.

My name is Joshua Key. I was born and raised, a proud American, on my grandfather’s 40 acre farm outside of Guthrie, Oklahoma. By the time I was 23 I was married with three young sons. I joined the U.S. army and shipped off to Iraq in 2003. Pleased with my choice and honoured by friends and family, I faced an unknown desert and unknown enemy.

My job was to raid homes and patrol streets, and while carrying out my duties I witnessed and participated in many senseless acts of violence and aggression against Iraqi civilians. One such incident included a night on the banks of the Euphrates River when my unit was called to the scene of a firefight. When we arrived and I approached I saw soldiers, my fellow American soldiers, kicking around decapitated heads like soccer balls. I never once in my time at war saw the face of the unknown enemies, just the faces of my brothers in arms change, for the worse.

While on leave in 2004, I along with my wife and four children, made my escape to Canada.

After over 10 years in yet another foreign land, I am still fighting a war. A war against my post-traumatic stress disorder, a conflict against my contract with the military, and a battle with the Canadian government. In the years since the now all too familiar desert, I lost the things that I held most dear. I lost my home; I will never again see an Oklahoma sunset or touch the red dirt. I lost my blinded belief in an all knowing and all powerful America. Worst of all, I lost my first wife and four beautiful children.

Through all the loss, I have gained. I have gained a re-birth and re-education. I have gained countless friends and an expanded family, including a Canadian wife and three, soon to be four, more fantastic children. I have also gained a new home. But, this cloud is not lined with silver, unless the Harper Government stops the deportations of American soldiers seeking sanctuary in Canada – a Canada that proudly declared that it should be “a haven from militarism”.

If I, or any of the other brave men who fought for their country, are deported from Canada we face a fate left in the hands of the U.S. military. An institution we learned, from cruel experience, that we should not trust. All I or any other of my new brothers in arms want is to stay in Canada. We want to live as Canadians. We want peace.

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Send a message to Chris Alexander, Minister for Immigration and Citizenship. Let him know that you support refugee status for Joshua Key and all war resisters.


Hon. Chris Alexander
Minister of Citizenship & Immigration
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario Canada
K1A 0A6
[email protected]

Buy your own copy of Joshua's book, The Deserter's Tale, co-written with award-winning Book of Negroes author Lawrence Hill. All proceeds go directly to the Key family.


Support Joshua Key on Facebook

Check out Peace Alliance Winnipeg for local news and events.

Join the Peace Alliance Winnipeg Facebook group

Visit the War Resisters Support Campaign to find out about all the War Resisters and Let Them Stay week (Jan 25-31)

Top 50 Stephen Harper Protest Songs

Posted by Winnipeg Chapter on January 4, 2015 at 10:35 PM Comments comments (10)

Famous for butchering Beatles tunes and destroying Canada, Stephen Harper has also inspired many others to make music. From Prorogations to Omnibus bills, this Prime Minister’s list of wrongdoings have been a vast pit of inspiration for creative Canadians. As Harper’s popularity drops, his critics are ramping up the revolt leading to the next federal election.


#1 Stephen Harper Song: sung on Burnaby Mountain by Alishia Fox

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Alishia Fox is a Canadian song writer. Sitting by a camp fire with her ukulele at the 2014 #burnabymountain protest, she belts out this new activist anthem. Burnaby residents, First Nations and supporters gathered on the mountain for what became a ten day standoff with the R.C.M.P. The RCMP were directed in their actions by the National Energy Board, who were following directions from Kinder Morgan. The company plans to build a new pipeline to ship heavily toxic diluted tar sands, also known as dilbit. The activists oppose the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion.

Her original version of the song is posted here.


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Juno nominated Kinnie Starr with Ja$e El Nino perform Save Our Waters, in response to the federal government’s recommended approval of the Enbridge Northern Gateway. A collaboration with Haida and non-Haida people, Haidawood makes stop motion animations that reflect the culture, language, and spirit of Haida Gwaii. The people of Haida Gwaii oppose both the controversial Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline and the introduction of oil tanker traffic to the northwest coast of Canada. See what happens when Prime Minister Stephen Harper attempts to take the Bitumen Valdez Super Tanker around Haida Gwaii and up the Douglas Channel.

Haida Raid 3: Save Our Waters won Best Music Video at the 2014 ImagiNATIVE Film Festival.

#3 I don't like Stephen Harper - a song

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Cristita and her friend were walking through the Kensington Market in Downtown Toronto back in 2008, when they came across this band. Luckily she caught this super catchy song on video! A Youtube comment reveals that, “The lead is Juno Award Winner Richard Underhill, and this song was actually performed at the pro-coalition rally at Nathan Phillips Square on Dec 6th.”

On December 6, 2008 a series of political rallies were held across the country to protest Harper’s first prorogation, when he closed down parliament to duck a no-confidence vote.

#4 The Caravan - What Up Steve?

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Halifax rapper Kyle McKenna and his hip-hop group, the Caravan, call out Stephen Harper for everything from CBC cuts and contempt of parliament to the privatization of health care and all points in between.

#5 CANADIAN REVOLUTION - Gaiaisi feat. Mishaki Binese & Rosary Spence

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"Canadian Revolution," featuring Mishaki Binese and Rosary Spence, calls for unity among all progressives to defeat Stephen Harper.


#6 The Harper Song (Steve It's Time to Leave) by John Roby

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The Harper Song with words and music by John Roby and video recorded and edited by Scott Stephenson helped to promote the Project Democracy, showing voters the candidate with the best chance to beat the Conservative in key ridings for the last federal election. Much like Leadnow is doing for the next federal election.

#7 Hey Stephen (You can’t play in my band)
Written and performed by Dick Overdale

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Harper's cold-hearted rendition of John Lennon’s peace anthem, Imagine, sparked scorn from music lovers and peace activists across the land. His callous attempt to use young Youtube sensation, Maria Aragon, as a prop in order to try and appear to be diverse was transparent and disingenuous. Meanwhile Harper continues to systematically cut public funding to the arts. Dick Overdale’s refrain “You can’t play in my band” is a sentiment echoed by musicians across the land!


#8 Stop Harper . . . the musical

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On August 2, 2012 Stephen Harper was in Gimli to make political hay out of a pledge to commit $18 million to dealing with the environmental problems facing Lake Winnipeg. After gutting environmental protection laws in Canada to make way for dirty oil pipeline megaprojects and cancelling funding to the Experimental Lakes Area, we doubted his sincerity. A group of committed activists came out to find Harper. Despite their best efforts, they never got to see him close-up. But they did come up with this great song! (paraphrased from

#9 The Pro-Rogue of Parliament

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This song totally should have gone viral when it was released in February 2010!
In order to avoid ongoing investigations into the affair, Harper prorogued parliament for a second time on December 30, 2009. The affair concerns whether or not Canadian Forces and the Government of Canada had knowledge about alleged torture of Afghan detainees. If the allegations are true it would mean our country is guilty of war crimes according to the Third Geneva Convention.

#10 You have a choice Avaaz

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A 2008 song to expose the Harper Conservatives' neglect of the environment, created by the likes of K-OS, Ed Robertson of the Barenaked Ladies, Ben Kowalewicz of Billy Talent, Adam Gontier of Three Days Grace, Sarah Harmer, Hawksley Workman, Jason Collett of Broken Social Scene, Darren Dumas of The Salads and the Arts Offstage Choir under the direction of David Reed.

#11 Stephen Harper Song - Bucket of Shrimp Ears

#12 Harper's G20

#13 Oil Painted Feathers (A Stephen Harper Protest Song)

#14 The Prorogue Song - An Ode to Stephen Harper,

#15 Imagine there's no Harper...

#16 Easy Mark Presents: The Stephen Harper Song

#17 Stephen Harper Song by Some Canadian Guy

#18 Seriously, Mr. Harper.

#19 Farewell Stephen Harper



Raging Grannies (Calgary) Scientists' Lament

Raging Grannies (Ottawa/Parliament Hill Mob) Harper's Agenda

Raging Grannies (Winnipeg) Harper, the Sneaky PM (CETA)

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Raging Grannies (Ottawa) Harper "Statesman of the Year"

Raging & Radical (Halifax) Raging Grannies & Radical Cheerleaders
  Stephen Harper's bringing us down

Raging Grannies (Courtenay, BC)
  Harper’s Hymn - Defend Our Coast Rally

Raging Grannies (Calgary) The Omnibus Song

Raging Grannies (Ottawa/Parliament Hill Mob) Under The Bus

Raging Grannies (Ottawa/Parliament Hill Mob)
  Raging Grannies Sing the CEAA Blues

Raging Grannies (Ottawa) Hit The Road, Steve


James Gordon - #LeaveSteve2015 Theme Song

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Ellevan - Pots & Pans (Stop Harper Rap)

Stephen Harper Like a PM! (Like a Boss Parody)

"Celine Dion" Hot for Harper & Conservatives


22 Minutes: "Tories" Song by Borde

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22 Minutes: Get Duffy - Song by Daft Tories

22 Minutes: "Like a Rolling Stone" - Song Parody

22 Minutes: F*#! You Song

Air Farce: Conservative Love Song


The Flaming Trolleys: Hey Harper! #StopHarper

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Bob Rae sings "Stephen Harper: He Prorogues"

Troubles / Idle No More (Stephen Harper Diss)
    2013 Digginz aka Truthdigga

We Will Survive (Stephen Harper)

"I'm on a break" parody of "on a boat" about proroguing parliament

The Stephen Harper Song "I couldn't care less"

A Stephen Harper Song

Stephen Harper Hates Gays

Harper Raps!

Stephen Harper's New Campaign Song

Go To The Polls! - Feisty Joy Taylor Rap

BONUS: Blue Rodeo “Fools Like You” 

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Blue Rodeo dedicates their song “Fools Like You” to Stephen Harper #Idlenomore

This was originally meant to be a top five list, but the overwhelming number of dedicated and heartfelt writers and performers made the catalogue grow effortlessly. Admittedly, the list isn’t really extensive as it only includes songs that can be found surfing Youtube. There are likely many other hidden gems out there.

Do you agree with the number one or the top twenty? What’s your favourite Harper protest song? Please let us know in the comments below.

WATCH all the videos on this Youtube PLAYLIST

Contributor: Ken Harasym - Council of Canadians Winnipeg Chapter member